The history of hip-hop originated in the late 60th of the 20th century and continues to evolve to the present day. That what began more than 30 years ago, boiled over into a particular movement and culture.
Hip-hop culture originated in New York among black and Latino ghetto. Street culture existed for centuries in all countries. But in USA, a country of ghettos, it had a special isolation from society. And then she spilled on the streets of white quarters and then to the masses – the show-business, discos, cinema, etc.
Hip-hop culture has been internationally recognized with the 70th. Its main components are rap (MC’ing), break-dance (Bboying), graffiti, street types of sports games. So, how it all started.
Despite the fact that hip-hop as a way of life originated long ago in various parts of North America, the real birthplace of it is considered to be the South Bronx – the black ghettos of New York, one of the poorest quarters. But the word “hip-hop” did not yet exist, it was invented a few years later, when already grown-up culture needed some overall title, by a legendary DJ Africa Bambaataa.
In 1967 to South Bronx came Clive Campbell from Jamaican, who was labeled Kool Herc. He is considered to be one of the founders of hip-hop. Kool Herc became that, what later became known as “DJ”. In Jamaica, the DJ was a “master” of the music system, which evolved around the lives of youth. He arranged parties, made an interesting speech-feast into the microphone. Soon he became known as MC ( “master of ceremony”) – he gathered music plates, played and announced them. And when a DJ, besides making music, announced some rhythmic text it became known as the word “rap”.
Soon Kool Herc for the convenience of the dancers began to repeat the instrumental breaks between verses, during which the dancers came out to the dance-floor and showed their skills. Kool Herc marked the enthusiasm of the dancers for such breaks, and named the term “B-Boy”, “Break boys” – for those who are moving in the manner of breaks, and the dance was called breakdancing style (breaking).”MC” has become synonymous with rap, when rappers have become not only DJs but also performers, who are able to move in a special hip-hop manner. In the late 60th breakdance existed in the form of two separate dances – New York acrobatic style, which we call the lower break, and the Los Angeles-based mime (upper break). It is an acrobatic style of breaking that was originally twisted by bboys in break-dance. It became popular, after 1969, when James Brown wrote a funk-hit “The Good Foot” and performed some elements of this dance on the stage.
Bambaataa formed his own break-dancing team called Zulu Nation, which eventually grew into the organization and included rappers, DJs, graffiti artists and dancers. Zulu Nation, along with other teams contributed to promote break-dancing. Bambaataa included 5 elements into the hip-hop culture: MC’ing ( “Rapping” – rap), DJ’ing, Graffiti (Writing), Dancing (Breaking, Up-Rocking, Popping, Locking), and knowledges. The last item on his sense means that there is a lack of knowledge about hip-hop culture.
Veteran of the hip-hop and a leader of the b-boys in the 70th of XX century was Richard Colon, known as “Crazy Legs”. His break-dance group “Rock Steady Crew” – one of the most vocal and motor, created a new culture of hip-hop. Brake and rap have become synonymous with hip-hop, to which also refers graffiti as one of the factors that promote the popularization of hip-hop.